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The prevalence of obesity and afferent pathology in an active population


, : The prevalence of obesity and afferent pathology in an active population. Revista de Medicina Interna Neurologie Psihiatrie Neurochirurgie Dermato-Venerologie Serie Medicina Interna 37(1): 57-60

Analysis of the health status of an active population (3200 employees of the Ministry of Transport and Telecommunications) showed the presence of obesity in 560 subjects (17.5%). In 345 cases (61.6%) there was an overweight of 20-25% and in 221 cases (38.4%) an increase over the ideal weight of 30-40%. Most of the subjects (73%) belonged to the 51-60 years age group. Foremost on the list of etiopathogenic factors involved are the calorie intake and sedentarism; the genetic component was only detected in 8% of cases. In 65% the dyslipidemic biochemical syndrome was present. Worthy of note was the presence of some affections with an etiopathogenic conditioning in the obese subjects examined: arterial hypertension (53.3%), ischaemic heart disease (10.2%), diabetes mellitus (8.5%), hepatobiliary affections (11.07%), renal lithiasis (9%) and chronic degenerative rheumatism (25.6%). The study emphasizes the need to control obesity by interfering with the factors involved in its production, thus also preventing the afferent diseases.

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