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The prevalence of ocular disorders in 1000 queensland australia primary schoolchildren


, : The prevalence of ocular disorders in 1000 queensland australia primary schoolchildren. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Ophthalmology 15(3): 161-174

This survey of 1007 children aged six to seven years provides accurate statistical information on the prevalence of ocular disorders in a population of "normal" children. A direct comparison with other reports is difficult because most appear to be screening studies only, but evaluation of the efficacy of vision screening studies can be made by comparison with the results of this survey. Major discrepancies previously reported between screening studies can be understood (eg. Brown and Jones, 8%; Walters, 20%)9.10 when one compares the all-inclusive prevalence of 27.3% with the more practical prevalence rate of 10.5% for significant ocular pathology. Future studies claiming to have a superior method of screening will be able to be compared to this study which has utilised a full ophthalmological examination. One such screening protocol has already been submitted to such an evaluation. Through the Division of School Health Services, the Queensland State Health Department visually screens all children in Queensland State Primary Schools. The children involved in this study were independently screened by School Health Service staff and the results obtained compared with those from the complete assessment performed for this study. The results of this evaluation are reported in a subsequent paper. This work was supported by Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Queensland; the Mater Children's Hospital, Brisbane; and the Division of School Health Services, Queensland State Department of Health.

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