EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
47,893,527
Abstracts:
28,296,643
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on Google+Follow on Google+
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

The prevalence of serological markers to hepatitis A and hepatitis B in drug abuse personnel






American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2(2): 109-115

The prevalence of serological markers to hepatitis A and hepatitis B in drug abuse personnel

A seroepidemiologic survey was conducted in 25 clinical and 31 nonclinical personnel engaged in substance abuse research and treatment. The antibody to hepatitis A virus (anti-HAV) was identified in 16 percent of the clinical employees and 39 percent of the nonclinical personnel, for a total prevalence of 29 percent. The prevalence of anti-HAV was age related, and the overall frequency was not greater than expected attack rates. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) markers were present in 16 percent of the clinical personnel tested but in only 3 percent of nonclinical personnel, for a total prevalence of 9 percent among the two groups. The nonclinical risk did not exceed the background prevalence of the disease, but the risk for clinical employees was three to five times greater. This risk appeared to be associated with exposure to blood and other potentially infectious body fluids; however, in no case could an employee with HBV markers recall a percutaneous injury, and covert means of transmission could not be excluded. Only one case (20 percent) of HBV infection manifested clinical symptomatology. Even though proper environmental safety measures may decrease the incidence of HBV infection in at-risk groups, some health care workers and researchers in the field of substance abuse may be at sufficiently increased risk of HBV infection to warrant immunization with hepatitis B vaccine.


Accession: 006740507

PMID: 2839211



Related references

Wilczek, H.; Urbánek, P., 2003: Prevalence of serological markers of viral hepatitis B and hepatitis C in drug-dependent individuals treated at the Drop Methadone Center in Prague. The survey of viral infections in the liver investigated by means of serological markers of hepatitis A, B and C in drug addicts on methadone maintenance treatment is important for the next procedures. The goal of this study was to assign profile...

Cumming, C.G.; Peutherer, J.F.; Smith, G.L., 1986: The prevalence of hepatitis B serological markers in dental personnel. There is a need to assess the risk to members of the dental profession in the U.K. of acquiring hepatitis B from patients. Towards this end a study was performed in order to determine the degree of carriage of serological markers of hepatitis B in...

Pavli, P.; Bayliss, G.J.; Dent, O.F.; Lunzer, M.R., 1989: The prevalence of serological markers for hepatitis B virus infection in Australian Naval personnel. In order to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection in Royal Australian Navy personnel and to formulate policies for their education, screening and vaccination, a voluntary survey was undertaken. Seven hundred and forty-eight subje...

Netesova, I.G.; Kiselev, N.N.; Loseva, M.I.; Iaroslavtseva, O.A.; Vtorushina, I.A.; Kalinin, P.N.; Shustov, A.V.; Pospelova, T.I.; Mishenin, A.V.; Adamovskaia, I.A.; Zaĭtsev, S.A.; Netesov, S.V., 1997: Prevalence of serological markers for viral hepatitis B and C in patients and medical personnel in the hematologic ward of Novosibirsk city hospital No. 2. Blood samples of 60 patients and 19 staff members were tested for serological markers of hepatitides B (HBV) and C (HBC) using the Vector-Best JSC enzyme immunoassay kits. HBV and HBC markers were found in 25 in 30% of patients and in 15.8 and 5.3...

Rioche, M., 1987: Prevalence of markers of the HBs system of hepatitis B among hospital personnel in Morocco: evaluation of the risk of hepatitis B infection. The prevalences of HBs Ag and HBs Ab were investigated among 221 hospital or laboratory staffs in Casablanca (Morocco) to estimate the importance of risks of infection by HBV at which they were exposed with regard to a control group including 195...

King, S.M.; Jarvis, D.A.; Shaw, J.; Shannon, H.S.; Middleton, P.J.; Gold, R.; Ford-Jones, E.L., 1987: Prevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen and antibody (hepatitis B virus markers) in personnel at a children's hospital. After two cases of acute hepatitis B infection occurred in phlebotomists at The Hospital for Sick Children in 1985, a seroprevalence survey of hepatitis B virus markers was undertaken. Directors in high-risk areas were advised by phone and memoran...

Kanatakis, S.; Georgiou, A.; Tserpe, P.; Houpas, P.; Kresmatinou, E.; Theodoropoulou, I.; Adracta, D.; Terzoglou, K., 2000: Prevalence of serological markers of autoimmunity in Greek drug abusers with chronic hepatitis C. Journal of Hepatology 32(Supplement 2): 219

Lucidarme, D.; Foutrein, P.; Creusy, C.; Forzy, G.; Foutrein Comes, M.C.ristine; Muyssen, A.; Bailly, D.; Parquet, P.J.an; Filoche, B., 1994: Prevalence of serological markers of hepatitis C, B and D and histological aspects in intravenous drug users. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of infection by HCV, HBV, HDV and HIV and their biological and histopathological patterns in 104 intravenous drug users. Methods and results: Seventy-five patients (72%) had anti-HCV a...

González-Huezo, M.S.; Sánchez-Hernández, E.; Camacho, M.C.; Mejia-López, M.D.; Rebollo-Vargas, J., 2014: Prevalence of positive markers for hepatitis B (HBV Ags) and hepatitis C (Anti-HCV) in health personnel at the Social Security Institute of Mexico State and Municipalities. The prevalence of serum markers of viral hepatitis in health-care workers seems to be similar to that described in the general population, even though this group would appear at increased risk because exposure to potentially infectious material. T...

Villasís-Keever, M.A.; Peña, L.A.; Miranda-Novales, G.; Alvarez y Muñoz, T.; Damasio-Santana, L.; López-Fuentes, G.; Girón-Carrillo, J.L., 2001: Prevalence of serological markers against measles, rubella, varicella, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus among medical residents in Mexico. Background: Vaccination programs among health care workers are based on seroprevalence studies, which seldom include medical residents or students. The objective of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of antibodies against measles, rube...