EurekaMag.com logo
+ Translate

The prevention of deep vein thrombosis, with particular reference to mechanical methods of prevention


, : The prevention of deep vein thrombosis, with particular reference to mechanical methods of prevention. Surgery 81(2): 228-235

Mechanical methods of preventing deep vein thrombosis have been surveyed. The best means of preventing venous stasis has been shown to be by intermittent compression of the legs. Use of intermittent compression will prevent isotopically detectable deep venous thrombosis in 82 percent of patients and in malignancy in 90 percent of patients. The only other prophylactic measure of comparable effectiveness is administration of low-dose subcutaneous heparin. Intermittent compression need only be applied during the operation and is cheap, foolproof, and safe. Intermittent compression acts by squeezing empty the soleal sinuses and large valve pockets in the major veins in which thrombi form while venous flow is slowed during operation. A combination of intermittent compression and administration of low-dose subcutaneous heparin has been found to be no more effective than is intermittent compression alone.

(PDF same-day service: $19.90)

Accession: 006740601

PMID: 319552

DOI: 10.1097/00006534-197708000-00065

Submit PDF Full Text: Here


Submit PDF Full Text

No spam - Every submission is manually reviewed

Due to poor quality, we do not accept files from Researchgate

Submitted PDF Full Texts will always be free for everyone
(We only charge for PDFs that we need to acquire)

Select a PDF file:
Close
Close

Related references

Love, C., 1990: Deep vein thrombosis. Methods of prevention. Nursing Times 86(6): 52-55

Michiels, J.Jacques.; Michiels, J.Maria.; Moossdorff, W.; Lao, M.; Maasland, H.; Palareti, G., 2015: Diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis, and prevention of deep vein thrombosis recurrence and the post-thrombotic syndrome in the primary care medicine setting anno 2014. The requirement for a safe diagnostic strategy of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) should be based on an overall objective post incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) of less than 1% during 3 mo follow-up. Compression ultrasonography (CUS) of the leg...

Browse, N.L., 1977: The prevention of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism by pharmacological methods. Triangle; the Sandoz Journal of Medical Science 16(1): 29-32

Hoy, S.M.; Scott, L.J.; Plosker, G.L., 2010: Tinzaparin sodium: a review of its use in the prevention and treatment of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, and in the prevention of clotting in the extracorporeal circuit during haemodialysis. Tinzaparin sodium (Innohep) is a low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) that is effective in the prevention and treatment of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and/or pulmonary embolism (PE), and in maintaining the patency of haemodialysis circuits in adult...

Blanchard, J.; Meuwly, J.Y.; Leyvraz, P.F.; Miron, M.J.; Bounameaux, H.; Hoffmeyer, P.; Didier, D.; Schneider, P.A., 1999: Prevention of deep-vein thrombosis after total knee replacement. Randomised comparison between a low-molecular-weight heparin (nadroparin) and mechanical prophylaxis with a foot-pump system. The optimal regime of antithrombotic prophylaxis for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has not been established. Many surgeons employ intermittent pneumatic compression while others use low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWH) which we...

Giannoni, A.F.; Ciatti, R.; Capoccia, L.; Ruggiero, M.; Dauri, M.; Mariani, P.P., 2006: Total knee replacement: prevention of deep-vein thrombosis using pharmacological (low-molecular-weight heparin) and mechanical (intermittent foot sole pump system) combine prophylaxis. Aim. The aim of this study was to determine the role of combined mechanical and pharmacological prophylaxis in the prevention of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after total knee replacement (TKR). Design: prospective case series study.Methods. Betwe...

Decousus, H.; Leizorovicz, A.; Parent, F.; Page, Y.; Tardy, B.; Girard, P.; Laporte, S.; Faivre, R.; Charbonnier, B.; Barral, F.G.; Huet, Y.; Simonneau, G., 1998: A clinical trial of vena caval filters in the prevention of pulmonary embolism in patients with proximal deep-vein thrombosis. Prévention du Risque d'Embolie Pulmonaire par Interruption Cave Study Group. The efficacy and safety of vena caval filters in the prevention of pulmonary embolism in patients with proximal deep-vein thrombosis is still a matter of debate. Using a two-by-two factorial design, we randomly assigned 400 patients with proximal...

Patel A.; Couband D.; Feron J.M.; Signoret F., 1988: Prevention of deep vein thrombosis in surgery of the hip using heparin and an anti thrombosis stocking. Two hundred and eight-six patients were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of major risk factors. The so-called "at risk" patients were treated with continuous postoperative heparin therapy combined or not with...

Giannoni, M.F.; Ciatti, R.; Capoccia, L.; Ruggiero, M.; Dauri, M.; Mariani, P.P., 2006: Total knee replacement: prevention of deep-vein thrombosis using pharmacological (low-molecular-weight heparin) and mechanical (intermittent foot sole pump system) combined prophylaxis. Preliminary results. The aim of this study was to determine the role of combined mechanical and pharmacological prophylaxis in the prevention of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) after total knee replacement (TKR). prospective case series study. Between October 2002 and Ju...

Nicholson, D.P., 1963: Prevention of Deep Vein Thrombosis. Canadian Medical Association Journal 88(12): 630-630