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The prevention of experimental cholesterol gallstones by ileectomy in mice

, : The prevention of experimental cholesterol gallstones by ileectomy in mice. Japanese Journal of Surgery 18(3): 316-325

After a lithogenic diet containing 0.5 per cent cholesterol and 0.25 per cent sodium cholate was fed to a group of normal Crj-ICR male mice for 10 days, cholesterol gallstones developed. No formation of gallstones occurred, however, in a group of mice from which 20 cms of terminal ileum had been removed prior to the feeding of the lithogenic diet. The biliary concentrations of cholesterol, phospholipids and bile acids were markedly lower in the ileectomized mice, with the decrease in cholesterol concentration being most significant. On the other hand; fecal excretion of sterols and bile acids increased in the ileectomized mice. The pool size of bile acids increased after the feeding of the lithogenic diet, but ileectomy decreased the pool size in mice fed the ordinary or lithogenic diets. The biliary concentration of cholic acid increased after the feeding of the lithogenic diet, but decreased with ileectomy. The biliary concentration and fecal excretion of deoxycholic acid acid markedly increased, while those of .beta.-muricholic acid and its secondary bile acids, .omega.-muricholic acid and hypodeoxycholic acid, decreased. The increase in plasma and liver cholesterol levels after the feeding of the lithogenic diet was prevented by ileectomy. These data suggest that ileectomy prevents the formation of cholesterol gallstones after the feeding of a lithogenic diet due to a decrease in cholic acid absorption.

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Accession: 006740607

PMID: 3404778

DOI: 10.1007/bf02471449

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