The role of dipeptidyl peptidase IV in human T lymphocyte activation. Inhibitors and antibodies against dipeptidyl peptidase IV suppress lymphocyte proliferation and immunoglobulin synthesis in vitro

Schön, E.; Jahn, S.; Kiessig, S.T.; Demuth, H.U.; Neubert, K.; Barth, A.; Von Baehr, R.; Ansorge, S.

European Journal of Immunology 17(12): 1821-1826

1987


ISSN/ISBN: 0014-2980
PMID: 2891539
DOI: 10.1002/eji.1830171222
Accession: 006758109

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Abstract
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV), an ectoenzyme in the cell membrane of T lymphocytes, is an important constituent in the process of lymphocyte activation. This conclusion is drawn from the following observations: (a) Proliferation of peripheral blood lymphocytes induced by mitogenic lectins (phytohemagglutinin, concanavalin A, pokeweed mitogen) is suppressed in the presence of DP IV inhibitors. This effect is specific and applies to an irreversible suicide inhibitor as well as to a competitive one in a dose-dependent fashion. (b) Inhibition of DNA synthesis was also induced by a polyclonal anti-DP IV immunoglobulin. (c) As a consequence of impaired T cell function the production of immunoglobulins by pokeweed mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes is also markedly reduced in the presence of DP IV inhibitors.

The role of dipeptidyl peptidase IV in human T lymphocyte activation. Inhibitors and antibodies against dipeptidyl peptidase IV suppress lymphocyte proliferation and immunoglobulin synthesis in vitro