The study on the relationship between temperament and development of japanese infants standardization of temperamental questionnaire for infants aged 1 2 months

Soeda, A.; Yokoi, S.; Shoji, J.

Tokyo Jikeikai Medical Journal 99(5): 709-716

1984


Accession: 006775075

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Abstract
An infant's temperament is considered to play an important role in the formation of the mother-child relationship. By referring to the Carey's Infant Temperament Questionnaire, a questionnaire for infants, aged 1-2 mo. was developed. Infants (783) who visited the clinics for a health check at the age of 1 mo. were studied. Temperament was assessed by scores of the following 6 categories: activity level, rhythmicity, intensity of reaction, threshold of responsiveness, spontaneity and social responsiveness. Valid answers were given in 96.7% of the subjects examined. Test-retest reliability was in the range of r = 0.59.sbd.0.90 and category-item correlation coefficient was in the range of r = 0.22.sbd.0.70 of each category obtained from 259 infants of normal group was: 4.13 .+-. 0.45 for activity level, 2.31 .+-. 0.56 for rhythmicity, 3.64 .+-. 0.40 for intensity, 3.26 .+-. 0.50 for threshold of responsiveness, 3.82 .+-. 0.52 for spontaniety and 3.33 .+-. 0.61 for social responsiveness. Differences were assessed by sex, age in days and the infant's personality and behavioral style as answered by it's mother. It is possible to assess the temperament of infants as young as 1 mo. This questionnaire will be useful in the understanding of infants, aged 1-2 mo.