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The transmission of Onchocerca tarsicola (Filarioidea: Onchocercidae) by Odagmia ornata and Prosimulium nigripes (Diptera: Simuliidae)


The transmission of Onchocerca tarsicola (Filarioidea: Onchocercidae) by Odagmia ornata and Prosimulium nigripes (Diptera: Simuliidae)



Journal of Helminthology 55(3): 161-166



ISSN/ISBN: 0022-149X

PMID: 7276502

Onchocerca tarsicola is a subcutaneous filariid of the red deer living on the tendons of the radial-carpal and tibial-tarsal joints. Its microfilariae concentrate mainly in the external ears. The extrinsic cycle of this parasite was investigated. In a hyperendemic area wild-caught Odagmia ornata were dissected, as well as samples which had fed on a tame deer and been kept in the laboratory after the infecting blood-meal. About 3 to 5% of the flies were infected with larval stages of Onchocerca tarsicola. More than 40% of Odagmia ornata induced to feed on the ears of the deer became infected and about 30% of the flies which survived more than 18 days contained third-stage larvae. The larval development in the vector is described. Prosimulium nigripes appears to be a second natural vector of Onchocerca tarsicola. Observations concerning the potential vectors of O. flexuosa, O. tubingensis and Cutifilaria wenki living in red deer are discussed.

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Accession: 006781658

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