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The vegetation of the canadian prairie provinces 2. the grasslands 2. mesic grasslands and meadows


Phytocoenologia 9(1-2): 1-26
The vegetation of the canadian prairie provinces 2. the grasslands 2. mesic grasslands and meadows
A classification of the mesic grasslands and meadows of the Prairie Provinces is presented. In the mesic grasslands the class Stipo-Festucetea includes the common grasslands of the parklands and foothills of the Rocky Mountains. Grasslands of the Stipo-Andropogonetea formerly were important, but now exist only as small areas. Meadows are placed in the class Carici-Calamagrostietea, and occur on soils with a high water-table, usually flooded in spring. Two orders can be recognized: Junco-Caricetalia lanuginosae in the south which is relatively rich in species, and a boreal order, Calamagrostio-Caricetalia, the grass-sedge meadows with relatively few species. Both the mesic grasslands and the meadows form transitions with woody vegetation, in particular shrubbery, to form a varied biocoenose. An account of the animal component of this biocoenose is presented.


Accession: 006792078



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