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The vegetation of the canadian prairie provinces 2. the grasslands 2. mesic grasslands and meadows

The vegetation of the canadian prairie provinces 2. the grasslands 2. mesic grasslands and meadows

Phytocoenologia 9(1-2): 1-26

A classification of the mesic grasslands and meadows of the Prairie Provinces is presented. In the mesic grasslands the class Stipo-Festucetea includes the common grasslands of the parklands and foothills of the Rocky Mountains. Grasslands of the Stipo-Andropogonetea formerly were important, but now exist only as small areas. Meadows are placed in the class Carici-Calamagrostietea, and occur on soils with a high water-table, usually flooded in spring. Two orders can be recognized: Junco-Caricetalia lanuginosae in the south which is relatively rich in species, and a boreal order, Calamagrostio-Caricetalia, the grass-sedge meadows with relatively few species. Both the mesic grasslands and the meadows form transitions with woody vegetation, in particular shrubbery, to form a varied biocoenose. An account of the animal component of this biocoenose is presented.

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