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The vegetation of the island of sipan yugoslavia



The vegetation of the island of sipan yugoslavia



Acta Botanica Croatica 41: 77-86



The class Quercetea ilicis on the island of Sipan is represented by 3 associations: Orno-Quercetum ilicis, Erico-Calicotometum villosae and Erico-Cistetum cretici. The Orno-Quercetum ilicis association, the climazonal community of the eastadriatic eumediterranean [climate] zone takes in the island of Sipan the form of the holm oak forest (O.-Q. i typicum) and the form of myrtle maquis (O.-Q. i. myrtetosum) which is widespread. An allepo pine forest on the base of myrtle maquis (O.-Q. i. m. pinosum halepensis) developed in some small areas. The Erico-Calicotometum villosae and Erico-Cistetum cretici associations belong to the vegetation of open underbrushes (garigue). The Erico-Calicotometum villosae association is typical of the southern part of the zone. In the island of Sipan it most often develops in neglected olive-groves. The Erico-Cistetum cretici association is distributed in the middle and sporadically in the southern part of the zone. In the island of Sipan this community is compared to the Erico-Calicotometum villosae association and occupies more degraded and open places. The distribution of the vegetation of the Quercetea ilicis class in the island of Sipan is now connected with a constant anthropogenic influence. The greatest part of the island has been deforested and cultivated. In recent years the population has decreased and some distant cultivated parts have been neglected. It facilitates the progressive succession in larger areas of the island.

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