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The virus a history of the concept


The Virus A History Of The Concept 140
The virus a history of the concept
This book is written in nontechnical language for those with general interest in science, and for virologists and historians for science and medicine. Chapter 1 describes the development of the germ theory of infectious diseases. The 2nd chapter deals with the application of bacteriological methods to the investigation of animal and plant diseases. The recognition of infectious diseases of unknown etiology is considered in the context of the intellectual climate of microbiology in the 1880's and 1890's. Chapter 3 is concerned with the realization that not all known agents of infectious disease share the bacterial properties of visibility in the light microscope, retention by bacterial filters and cultivability in artificial media. The 4th chapter describes Dimitri Iosifovich Ivanovski's research on tobacco mosaic disease and Martinus Willem Beijerinck's rediscovery of the same agent and hypothesis of the contagium vivum fluidum. Chapter 5 traces the development of the microbial and nonmicrobial concepts in the course of various investigations of viral diseases conducted between 1898-1900. The final chapter traces the development of concepts of the virus in the 20th century. The century is divided into 3 periods for ease of discussion: the early decades, the 1930's and 1940's, and the 1950's to the present. A history of the word virus, and biographies of D.I. Ivanovski and M.W. Beijerinck are given in the appendixes. Photographs, bibliography and index complete the volume.

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Accession: 006792647

DOI: 10.1001/jama.1977.03280230079041



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