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The vital capacity of the kidney after auto veno plasty of its artery

, : The vital capacity of the kidney after auto veno plasty of its artery. Arkhiv Anatomii Gistologii i Embriologii 69(11): 5-13

A segment of 1 of the renal arteries of the dog was substituted for a piece of the femoral vein of the same dog. Along the site of vascular anastomoses the kidney was excluded from general blood circulation. In spite of the independence of anastomoses in the course of operation, the lumen of the substituted piece of the renal artery underwent deformity in a number of experiments, the circulation of the kidney was disturbed, the parenchyma of the organ was injured, a part of renal bodies and tubules were atrophied and intraorganic vessels, especially glomeruli were reconstructed. The alterations were of focal character. In general the structure of the kidney was preserved. In most experiments the substitution of the renal artery for the vein did not cause any disorders. The wall of the transplanted vein was soon reconstructed and the renal parenchyma kept its normal structure. The success of vascular plastics and the full value of blood circulation was controlled by removing the twin organ. Animals with 1 kidney lived practically unlimited time without obvious disorders, the content of Na in the blood was normal and no alterations were found in intraorganic vessels and the renal parenchyma.

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