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Tonic arousal and activity: relationships to personality and personality disorder traits in panic patients

Tonic arousal and activity: relationships to personality and personality disorder traits in panic patients

Psychiatry Research 25(1): 65-72

Personality theorists have long predicted a relationship between personality traits and autonomic activation. In this study, 48 patients with panic disorder underwent personality assessement by questionnaire (Eysenck Personality Inventory: 48 patients) and by interview (Personality Disorders Examination: 35 patients). Ambulatory heart rate and activity were measured by the Vitalog method and were used as measures of activation and autonomic arousal. There was a significant positive correlation between histrionic traits and activity level and a significant negative correlation between sociability and heart rate. The findings are consistent with previous studies showing a negative relationship between sensation-seeking personality traits and cerebrospinal fluid levels of norepinephrine and a positive relationship between extroversion and cerebrospinal fluid levels of dopamine.

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Accession: 006812808

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PMID: 3217468

DOI: 10.1016/0165-1781(88)90159-x

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