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Transfer of antibodies through colostrum in calves born to foot and mouth disease vaccinated cows



Transfer of antibodies through colostrum in calves born to foot and mouth disease vaccinated cows



Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 51(6): 622-626



Colostral neutralizing antibody titers for foot-and-mouth disease virus type A and C were significantly higher than the corresponding serum titers in most of the cows. Serum and colostrum antibody titers of the cows showed a positive signifiant correlation indicating that serum antibody values have direct bearing on the colostral antibody titers. Sera of all calves before feeding colostrum showed negligible antibody titers, but there was a rapid increase in (SN) antibody levels within 24 h after feeding colostrum. A positive significant correlation between antibody titers of calf serum at 12 h after feeding colostrum and of cow colostrum just after calving indicated that serum antibody titers in calves are influenced directly by colostral antibody titers of their dams. All of the calves showed antibody titers below those of their mother's serum at 12 and 24 h after colostrum feeding. A decline in SN antibody titers with increase in age of calves was observed when tested at weekly intervals up to 6 wk from birth.

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