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Transmissible gastroenteritis of swine survivor selection of transmissible gastroenteritis virus mutants in stomach juice of adult pigs



Transmissible gastroenteritis of swine survivor selection of transmissible gastroenteritis virus mutants in stomach juice of adult pigs



Journal of General Virology 66(9): 1911-1918



Two transmissible gastroenteritis (TGE) virus mutants (188-SG and 152-SG) were obtained from a low-passage virus strain (D-52) by 188 and 152 cycles of stomach juice treatment and multiplication in cell culture. Compared to the high-passage Purdue-115 and the original D-52 strains, these mutants were more stable at pH 2.0, more resistant to pepsin and trypsin, and characterized by a small plaque phenotype. In vivo, the two mutants were not found to be virulent for 4-day-old piglets and sows after oral inoculation. To test induction of lactogenic immunity, the 188-SG mutant was administered orally to pregnant sows (6 or 7 weeks before parturition) followed by one intramuscular booster (1 week before parturition). After challenge with virulent TGE virus, piglet mortality 7 days after exposure was reduced (to 22%) as compared to the death rate in piglets from control sows (91%).

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