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Tri terpenoid saponins from plant organs and in vitro tissue cultures of chenopodium quinoa


, : Tri terpenoid saponins from plant organs and in vitro tissue cultures of chenopodium quinoa. Comptes Rendus des Seances de l'Academie des Sciences Serie III Sciences de la Vie 296(8): 429-432

The saponin content of callus and bud cultures of C. quinoa cv. Real de Puno and Blanca de Junin was compared to that of different plant organs by a hemolytic method. The roots were highly hemolytic particularly those of the bitter cultivar (Real de Pumo) (16%); their root derived callus and bud cultures contained fair amounts of hemolytic glycosides (0.16 and 0.15%, respectively). The diverse composition of sapogenins extracted from different tissues and organs was revealed by TLC. Oleanolic acid was found in the fruits and in the roots. The in vitro cultures produced this triterpene aglycone but the stems and leaves of grown plants did not contain detectable levels.

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