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Triacylglycerol lipase activity in the rabbit renal medulla


, : Triacylglycerol lipase activity in the rabbit renal medulla. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 921(3): 449-456

Although the renal medulla is rich in triacylglycerols, the lipolysis of these intracellular triacylglycerols by a renomedullary triacylglycerol lipase has not been directly demonstrated. The present study demonstrates triacylglcyerol lipase activity localized in the particulate subcellular fractions of rabbit renal medullae. Renomedullary triacylglycerol lipase activity, as determined by the hydrolysis of [14C]triolein to [14C]oleic acid, was observed to have a pH optimum of 5.8. Addition of cAMP/ATP'magnesium acetate resulted in an 80% activation of crude homogenate triacylglycerol lipase activity; addition of exogenous cAMP-dependent protein kinase resulted in a further activation of lipolysis. 3 mM CaCl2 had no effect on basal triacylglycerol lipase activity. 1 M NaCl did not inhibit lipolysis, suggesting that the lipase activity measured was not due to lipoprotein lipase. Endogenous renomedullary triacylglycerols were hydrolysed by a lipase in the 100,000 7x g pellet of renomedullary homogenates, resulting in the release of free fatty acids including arachidonic and adrenic acids. Dispersed renomedullary cells were prepared to monitor hormone-sensitive triacylglycerol lipase activity in intact cells. Addition of 10 .mu.M forskolin and 10 .mu.M epinephrine resulted in 8-fold and 50-fold increases in triacylglycerol lipase activity, respectively, as defined by release of free glycerol from the cells. These studies demonstrate that a cAMP-dependent hormone-sensitive triacylglycerol lipase is present in the renal medulla, and is responsible for the hydrolysis of renomedullary triacylglycerols.

Accession: 006840440

PMID: 2822129

DOI: 10.1016/0005-2760(87)90071-3

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