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Triassic sponges sphinctozoa from hells canyon oregon usa


Journal of Paleontology 62(3): 419-423
Triassic sponges sphinctozoa from hells canyon oregon usa
Two Upper Triassic sphinctozoan sponges of the family Sebargasiidae were recovered from silicified residues collected in Hells Canyon, Oregon. These sponges are Amblysiphonella cf. A. steinmanni (Haas), known from the Tethys region, and Colospongia whaleni n. sp., an endemic species. The latter sponge was placed in the superfamily Porata by Seilacher (1962). The presence of well-preserved cribrate plates in this sponge, in addition to pores of the chamber walls, is a unique condition never before reported in any porate sphinctozoans. Aporate counterparts known primarily from the Triassic Alps have similar cribrate plates but lack the pores in the chamber walls. The sponges from Hells Canyon are associated with abundant bivalves and corals of marked Tethyan affinities and come from a dispalced terrane known as the Wallowa Terrane. It was a tropical island arc, suspected to have paleogeographic relationships with Wrangellia; however, these sponges have not yet been found in any other Cordilleran terrane.


Accession: 006840769

DOI: 10.2307/1305417



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