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Ultrastructural changings of the rat parathyroid gland under various fixation methods



Ultrastructural changings of the rat parathyroid gland under various fixation methods



Anatomischer Anzeiger 158(5): 413-423



Ultrastructural features of the rat parathyroid (PT) glands were studied under 3 different glutaraldehyde fixation methods. Cell differences caused by fixation or due to functional conditions were evaluated. The changes of organelles and relationship of plasma membranes of chief dark-light cells, as well the pericapillary and intercellular spaces were used for this evaluation. Light cells were observed in all PT glands studied. PT glands adequately perfused presented light chief cells as transitional secretory form. Incompletely-perfused and immersion-fixed glands presented most of light chief cells as a fixation artifact. The same interpretation was given to intercellular spaces which appeared only in glands fixed by immersion. In adequately perfused glands interdigitated and straight plasma membranes of neighbor chief cells were tightly continuous with frequent desmosomes. Distended mitochondria, RER [rough endoplasmic reticulum] and Golgi cisternae as well vacuolizations of chief cell cytoplasm and connective tissue were characteristics of unadequately perfused glands. The best fixation method for a homogeneous preservation of all components of rat PT glands, which decreased the possibility of a wrong interpretation of normal variations, was perfused through the left ventricle. Fixative with pH and osmolarity carefully controlled were injected after saline washing of the vascular bed.

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Accession: 006857524

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PMID: 3925815



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