Ultrastructure of glandular trichomes of leaves of nicotiana tabacum cultivar xanthi

Akers, C.P.; Weybrew, J.A.; Long, R.C.

American Journal of Botany 65(3): 282-292


ISSN/ISBN: 0002-9122
DOI: 10.2307/2442269
Accession: 006862246

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EM confirms previous light microscope observations that tobacco leaf trichomes are glandular and that there are 2 different types. Both the tall trichome (multicellular stalk, unicellular or multicellular head) and the short trichome (unicellular stalk; multicellular head) exhibit characteristics common to gland cells, a dense cytoplasm, numerous mitochondria and little vacuolation. The tall trichome contains structurally well developed chloroplasts and an elaborate network of endoplasmic reticulum. The short trichome contains undifferentiated plastids and endoplasmic reticulum which parallels the nucleus and plasmalemma. Few dictyosomes are seen either in the short trichome or in the tall trichome. The short trichome appears to undergo structural changes concurrently with the appearance of secretory product within the cells. The most noticeable change is the formation of the extraplasmic space between the cell wall and the plasmalemma. Electron dense secretory product is observed between the plasmalemma and the cell wall and within the intercellular spaces.