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Uptake of amino acids by zirconium phosphate 3. intercalation of l histidine l lysine and l arginine by gamma zirconium phosphate



Uptake of amino acids by zirconium phosphate 3. intercalation of l histidine l lysine and l arginine by gamma zirconium phosphate



Journal of the Chemical Society Dalton Transactions (1): 61-66



The uptake of L-histidine (His), L-lysine, and L-arginine by .gamma.-zirconium phosphate has been studied. The intercalation of His is initiated by the partial replacement of interlayer water by a monolayer of the guest molecules oriented horizontally to the sheet of the host crystal to form a phase Zr(HPO4)2(His)0.2.cntdot.1.9H2O with an interlayer spacing of 14.1 .ANG. This is followed by the formation of a phase Zr(HPO4)2(His)0.4.cntdot.08H2O without any appreciable change in interlayer spacing, which is finally converted into a phase Zr(HPO4)2(His)0.9.cntdot.3H2O with an interlayer spacing of 22.9 .ANG. in which the guest molecules are intercalated as a bilayer. Lysine and arginine also form one or two monolayered phases at low uptakes, while at higher loadings the intercalates formed are highly disordered, but with a certain degree of order in the host lattice. The different behaviour of .alpha.- and .gamma.-zirconium phosphates in intercalating amino acid molecules is discussed in terms of the structural or functional characteristics of the individual acids and phosphates. A supplementary discussion of the amino acid arrangement in .alpha.-zirconium phosphate is also made.

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