Vestibular and cochlear efferent neurons in the monkey identified by immunocytochemical methods
Carpenter, M.B.; Chang, L.; Pereira, A.B.; Hersh, L.B.; Bruce, G.; Wu, J.Y.
Brain Research 408(1-2): 275-280
Attempts were made to identify vestibular (VEN) and cochlear (CEN) efferent neurons in the squirrel monkey using retrograde transport of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and immunocytochemical methods. HRP implants in the ampulla of the lateral semicircular duct retrogradely labeled cells of VEN bilaterally and some cells of CEN. VEN located lateral to the rostral part of the abducens nucleus formed a compact collection of cells, all of which were immunoreactive only to antisera for choline acetyltransferase (ChAt). CEN, identified by immunoreactivity of ChAT were located at the hilus of the lateral superior olive (LSO), along the lateral border of the LSO and sparsely near lateral parts of the ventral trapezoid nucleus (VTN). A small number of cells and fibers near the border of the VTN and lateral to the LSO were immunoreactive for leucine enkephalin (L-ENK). Fibers immunoreactive for L-ENK also were identified in the hilus of the LSO. No cells of the superior olivary complex were immunoreactive for antisera to ChAT, L-ENK, substance P, .gamma.-aminobutyric acid or glutamic acid decarboxylase. Cells of VEN and CEN can be identified by their immunoreactivity to ChAT, and some cells and fibers of CEN also contain L-ENK.