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Viruses and mycoplasma pneumoniae in child tracheo bronchitis data collected in parma italy from 1975 to 1982

Viruses and mycoplasma pneumoniae in child tracheo bronchitis data collected in parma italy from 1975 to 1982

Annali Sclavo 24(5): 466-481

From 1975-1982, children hospitalized for tracheobronchitis and other subjects hospitalized for non-respiratory diseases (controls) were studied virologically and serologically. From 245 cases, 90 viral agents were isolated from 84 children. These were: adenoviruses (14.3%), RSV [respiratory syncytial virus] (7.8%), enteroviruses (3.7%), rhinoviruses (3.3%) and influenza A viruses (2.4%). Serologic examination of 97 children with tracheobronchitis indicated a significant increase of complement-fixing antibodies for .gtoreq. 1 viral agents in 44 subjects (45.7%); 8 (8.2%) multiple infections were diagnosed by such methods. Antibodies against RSV (23.7%), influenza viruses (11.3%), and parainfluenza virus and adenoviruses (8.2%) were observed most frequently. Using virological and serological results, diagnosis was possible in 56 of 97 cases (57.7%). Thus, the prevalence of RSV (about half of the diagnosed cases) and the significant incidence of adenoviruses, influenza viruses and parainfluenza virus was confirmed. Of 414 children with non-respiratory diseases, viral agents were isolated in 9.4% of cases; no antibody increase was observed in 54 control cases examined serologically.

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