Section 7
Chapter 6,915

Water relations of winter wheat triticum aestivum cultivar maris huntsman 3. components of leaf water potential and the soil plant water potential gradient

Wallace, J.S.; Clark, J.A.; Mcgowan, M.

Journal of Agricultural Science 100(3): 581-590


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-8596
Accession: 006914281

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Diurnal and seasonal changes in the total, osmotic and turgor potentials of winter wheat leaves are compared in 2 seasons of mild and severe soil water stress. Gradients of total water potential in the soil-plant system are also presented. In both seasons the total water potential of the leaves decreased in parallel with the soil water potential, concurrently leaf osmotic potential also decreased sufficiently to maintain positive leaf turgor potential. Eventually, under severe water stress, soil water potential approached -1.5 mPa [megapascals] and leaf turgor potential tended to zero during the middle of the day. The potential drop across the soil-root system was twice that along the stem. Estimates of the water potential at the root surface varied diurnally and were often lower than the bulk soil water potential. In dry soil plants were unable to equilibrate with the soil water potential overnight. These results are consistent with the existence of significant resistance to water flow across the rhizosphere.

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