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Yield and composition of volatile oil of various cultivars of ocimum basilicum l. depending on harvest time

Yield and composition of volatile oil of various cultivars of ocimum basilicum l. depending on harvest time

Gartenbauwissenschaft 51(5): 223-225

From seven "varieties" of Ocimum basilicum cultivated under identical conditions the yield and composition of volatile oil were investigated at different harvest times. 1. The highest yields of volatile oil of the seven "varieties" differed considerably and were reached at various periods. 2. The volatile oils showed very different proportions of quality determining compounds, linalool, methylchaviol, and eugenol. 3. The highest percentages of these compounds were reached at various periods. 4. No relation could be found between the highest yield of volatile oil and the percentage of quality determining compounds.

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