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Yield of alfalfa medicago sativa and cotton gossypium hirsutum as influenced by irrigation


Yield of alfalfa medicago sativa and cotton gossypium hirsutum as influenced by irrigation



Agronomy Journal 73(2): 323-329



ISSN/ISBN: 0002-1962

Cotton (G. hirsutum L.) and alfalfa (M. sativa L.) were irrigated at Las Cruces, New Mexico [USA], with a range of water levels using a sprinkler-line source to determine yield and evapotranspiration under deficit irrigation. Alfalfa was also grown at 5 locations and cotton was grown at 2 locations in New Mexico, including Las Cruces, in nonweighing lysimeters that were flood irrigated to measure the yield and evapotranspiration under nonlimiting soil-moisture conditions. A linear water-production function was observed for alfalfa. This function apparently was transferable to any location in New Mexico, based on data from 5 locations within the state, and was statistically the same as alfalfa water-production functions for Nevada, Nebraska and North Dakota. A linear water-product function was also observed for cotton but this function was applicable only for the 2 areas in southern New Mexico where the study was conducted. The cotton water-production function for New Mexico was statistically different from the reported water-production function of the similar study conducted in California. The cotton water-production function had a lower coefficient of determination than the alfalfa water-production function since cotton was harvested for lint and seed rather than biomass. Biomass production may require the same amount of evapotranspiration regardless of site and management differences, as in the case of alfalfa, but lint or seed production per unit of water will vary from place to place.

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Accession: 006924830

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