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A protective human monoclonal antibody directed to the outer core region of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lipopolysaccharide



A protective human monoclonal antibody directed to the outer core region of Pseudomonas aeruginosa lipopolysaccharide



Infection and Immunity 59(1): 1-6



The protective activity against experimental Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection of a human monoclonal antibody, MH-4H7, which is thought to recognize L-rhamnose and its neighboring residues in the outer core region of P. aeruginosa lipopolysaccharide and which binds to strains of Homma serotypes A, F, G, H, K, and M, was studied in normal, burned, and leukopenic mice. MH-4H7 at doses of 0.1 to 1.0 micrograms per mouse (5 to 50 micrograms/kg) was effective against serotype A, F, G, H, and K clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa tested in normal mice but not against strains of serotype M, B, E, or I. The 50% protective doses were calculated to be 0.01 and 0.1 micrograms per mouse against challenge with serotype G strains and 3 to 8 micrograms per mouse against challenge with serotype A strains. MH-4H7 promoted macrophage-mediated opsonophagocytosis of serotype A, F, G, H, and K strains but not of serotype M strains. The opsonophagocytic activity, expressed as the reduction rate of viable bacteria in the presence of MH-4H7, macrophages, and complement, was higher against serotype G strains (more than 90%) than against serotype A strains (60 to 80%) and serotype F, H, and K strains (50 to 86%). It was correlated with the protective activity but not with the binding intensity of MH-4H7 to the organisms. In addition, burned and leukopenic mice as well as normal mice infected with serotype G strains recovered from a very low dosage of MH-4H7. Thus, a monoclonal antibody directed to the outer core region of P. aeruginosa lipopolysaccharide was effective against infection with a wide range of O-serotype strains of P. aeruginosa.

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Accession: 006960848

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PMID: 1898896


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