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Absorption of oligo l sulfur 35 methionine after feeding of a low casein or a low soybean protein isolate diet in rats



Absorption of oligo l sulfur 35 methionine after feeding of a low casein or a low soybean protein isolate diet in rats



Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology & Medicine 200(1): 30-35



We studied the absorptive properties of oligo-L-methionine (OM), which is an enzymatically synthesized and slowly digestible peptide. Previously, we demonstrated that when OM was added to a low casein diet, the improvement of the body weight gain was higher than when OM was added to a low soybean protein isolate (SPI) diet and we suggested that the difference in the supplementary effect of OM depends on its absorptive rate. In the present study, the OM absorption estimated by the portovenous difference in radioactivity derived from 35S-labeled OM was higher in the casein diet than in the SPI diet in early stages of feeding after fasting. Absorbed OM was quantified by subtracting the radioactivity of [35S]OM remaining in the whole gut from the ingested [35S]OM, 90 and 180 min after feeding casein and SPI diets containing 3% [35S]OM. We also estimated the absorptive efficiencies by subtracting the amount of radioactivity remaining in the intestines from the amount of [35S]OM emptied from the stomach as percentages of the emptied OM. Both the amount of absorbed OM and absorptive efficiencies of OM were higher in the casein group than in the SPI group, and the higher absorptive efficiency in the casein group indicates a higher digestibility for OM when rats are fed a 3% OM diet after fasting. The digestibility of [35S]OM measured by fecal excretion of radioactivity of OM during normal feedings for diets containing 0.3% [35S] OM for 7 days was about 80% in the casein group and 60% in the SPI group. We conclude that the different supplementary effects of OM in the low casein and SPI diets depend on the difference in OM digestibility. The difference in the digestibility of OM may partly depend on the faster absorption rate of OM in the early stages of feeding.

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