Activation of multiple signal transduction pathways by endothelin in cultured human vascular smooth muscle cells
Resink, T.J.; Scott-Burden, T.; Bühler, F.R.
European Journal of Biochemistry 189(2): 415-421
ISSN/ISBN: 0014-2956 PMID: 2159883 DOI: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1990.tb15504.x
Cellular responses to the vasoconstrictor peptide, endothelin, have been investigated in quiescent cultured human vascular smooth muscle cells (hVSMC). Endothelin caused intracellular alkalinization and activation of the protein synthetic enzyme S6-kinase, but such responses were not associated with any mitogenic effect of endothelin on hVSMC. In myo-[3H]inositol-prelabelled hVSMC endothelin elicited a rapid increase in inositol bis- and tris-phosphates and concomitant hydrolysis of polyphosphoinositol lipids. In [3H]arachidonate-prelabelled hVSMC endothelin promoted production of diacylglycerol, the early kinetics of which parallelled polyphosphoinositol lipid hydrolysis. Such phospholipase C activation by endothelin was sustained in hVSMC with accumulation of inositol polyphosphates being markedly protracted and the decay of diacylglycerol slow. Endothelin promoted extracellular release of [3H]arachidonate-labelled material from hVSMC which derived via deacylation of both phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylcholine. This process was inhibited by phospholipase A2 and lipoxygenase inhibitors, but insensitive to phospholipase C and cyclooxygenase inhibitors. Endothelin-induced activation of phospholipase C and phospholipase A2 signal transduction pathways (EC50.apprxeq. 5-8 nM for both) in hVSMC apparently proceed in an independent parallel manner rather than a sequential one.