Activity and kinetic characteristics of glutathione reductase in vitro in reverse micellar waterpool
Kumar, A.; Kumar, A.; Katiyar, S.S.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 996(1-2): 1-6
ISSN/ISBN: 0006-3002 PMID: 2660910 DOI: 10.1016/0167-4838(89)90085-x
The enzyme activity of glutathione reductase (NAD(P)H: oxidized-glutathione oxidoreductase, EC 18.104.22.168) incorporated in CTAB/H2O/CHCl3-isooctane (1:1, v/v) reverse micelles has been investigated. Enzyme follows the Michaelis-Menten kinetics within a specified concentration range. Effects of pH, waterpool (W0), and surfactant concentration on the activity of glutathione reductase have been studied in detail. Optimum pH for the maximum enzyme activity was found to be dependent on the size of the waterpool. Further, a substrate inhibition was observed when concentration of one of the substrates was present in large excess over the other substrate. Km values for the substrate, oxidized glutathione (GSSG) and NADPH in CTAB/H2O/CHCl3-isooctane (1:1, v/v) were determined at W0 values of 14.4, 20.0, 25.5 and 29.7, at pH 8.0. These values are close to those obtained in aqueous solution, whereas the kcat values vary with W0 values of 8.8 to 32.3. Studies on the storage stability in the reverse micelle at W0 29.7 and pH 8.0 showed that glutathione reductase retained about 80% of its activity even after a month. The enzyme showed a higher stability at high waterpool. Oxidized glutathione (GSSG) provides protection to glutathione reductase against denaturation on storage in reverse micellar solution. Apparently, the enzyme is able to acquire a suitable native conformation at waterpool 29.7 and pH 8.0 and thereby exhibits an activity and stability inside the micellar cavity that are almost equivalent to that in aqueous solution.