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Acute renal tubular and hemodynamic effects of the calcium antagonist felodipine in healthy volunteers



Acute renal tubular and hemodynamic effects of the calcium antagonist felodipine in healthy volunteers



Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 2(5): 1000-1006



To evaluste the renal tubular effects of felodipine in a low (1.25-mg) and a high (10-mg) dose, lithium clearance was measured and related to renal hemodynamics in 10 healthy volunteers. After felodipine (1.25 mg), mean blood pressure decreased 4 mm Hg and heart rate increased 4 beats per minute. GFR and renal hemodynamics were unaltered. Natriuresis and diuresis increased and lithium clearance and fractional excretion of lithium were unchanged as compared with placebo. Felodipine (10 mg) decreased mean blood pressure 8 mm Hg; heart rate increased 16 beats per minute, and plasma catecholamines were elevated. GFR was unaltered, whereas RBF increased and renal vascular resistance decreased. Natriuresis and diuresis were further increased, and lithium clearance and fractional excretion of lithium were elevated. In conclusion, felodipine in a low dose of 1.25 mg, which did not change renal hemodynamics, had natriuretic and diuretic effects at a predominantly postproximal tubular site, whereas a high dose of 10 mg, which increased RBF and decreased renal vascular resistance, had additional natriuretic and diuretic effects in the proximal tubule.

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Accession: 006986378

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PMID: 1760535


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