EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
53,869,633
Abstracts:
29,686,251
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacities of elite middle distance runners after two weeks of training at moderate altitude



Aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacities of elite middle distance runners after two weeks of training at moderate altitude



Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 1(4): 205-214



The effect of short-term altitude training on sea-level physiological characteristics in elite runners was investigated. Seven middle-distance runners (6 men, 1 woman) belonging to the Swedish national team (mean age 23 years) spent 2 weeks of training at 2000 m above sea level in Kenya. Treadmill tests were performed before and 6 and 12 d after the altitude sojourn. Six other runners (4 men, 2 women) had a corresponding training sojourn at sea level in Portugal (control group). Two of the runners (1 man, 1 woman) in the Kenya group were omitted from the study because of gastroenteritis. The maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max; pretravel: Kenya group 212 and control group 188 ml .cntdot. kg-0.75 .cntdot. min-1), maximal treadmill time and oxygen cost of running were unchanged in both groups. The maximal oxygen deficit increased in all subjects after the Kenya sojourn (mean 19 .+-. 6%). Heart rates during running at specified submaximal running velocities were lower post-altitude (Kenya group), but tended to be higher after sea-level training (control group). Maximal heart rate was unchanged in both groups. Perceived exertion (Borg) during submaximal running was lower post-altitude. Submaximal and maximal blood lactate and plasma catecholamine concentrations were not altered in any of the groups. Post-exhaustive plasma ammonia levels were decreased 12 d after altitude descent in the Kenya group. The results suggest an unchanged aerobic capacity in elite middle-distance runners after short-term training at moderate altitude. However, a change in the circulatory regulation during submaximal exercise was observed. Furthermore, anaerobic capacity improved but this bore no clear relation to lactate or ammonia metabolism.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 006991509

Download citation: RISBibTeXText



Related references

Aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacities of elite middle-distance runners after two weeks of training at moderate altitude. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 1(4): 205-214, 1991

Load management in elite German distance runners during 3-weeks of high-altitude training. Physiological Reports 4(12): -, 2016

Aerobic and anaerobic power explain performance differences between elite male and female middle distance runners. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 27(5 SUPPL ): S9, 1995

Training at 2100 m Altitude Affects Running Speed and Session RPE at Different Intensities in Elite Middle-Distance Runners. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance (): 1-16, 2016

Four Weeks of Classical Altitude Training Increases Resting Metabolic Rate in Highly Trained Middle-Distance Runners. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism (): 1-23, 2016

Eighteen days of "living high, training low" stimulate erythropoiesis and enhance aerobic performance in elite middle-distance runners. Journal of Applied Physiology 100(1): 203-211, 2005

Eighteen days of living high, training low stimulate erythropoiesis and enhance aerobic performance in elite middle-distance runners. Journal of Applied Physiology 100(1): 203-211, 2006

Effects of endurance training above the anaerobic threshold on isocapnic buffering phase during incremental exercise in middle-distance runners. Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness & Sports Medicine 47(1): 43-51, 1998

Anaerobic thresholds in elite middle and long distance runners. Orthopaedic Transactions: 154, 1981

Improved race performance in elite middle-distance runners after cumulative altitude exposure. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 4(1): 134-138, 2009

Live High - Train Low Altitude Training Does Not Alter Running Mechanics in Elite Distance Runners. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance (): 1-11, 2016

Aerobic, anaerobic, assistant exercise and weightlifting performance capacities in elite weightlifters. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 27(2): 240-246, 1987

Changes in blood parameters in elite middle distance runners following exercise. Federation Proceedings: Abstract 4250, 1984

Implications of moderate altitude training for sea-level endurance in elit distance runners. European Journal of Applied Physiology & Occupational Physiology 78(4): 360-368, Sept, 1998

Training aerobic lactic threshold and competition results in elite distance runners during a period of two years. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 24(5 SUPPL): S123, 1992