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Alkaline phosphatase isozymes in human testicular germ cell tumors, their precancerous stage, and three related cell lines

Alkaline phosphatase isozymes in human testicular germ cell tumors, their precancerous stage, and three related cell lines

Cancer Research 49(17): 4696-4700

The four known isozymes of the human alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were detected by isoelectric focusing in extracts of various types of germ cell tumors, three related cell lines, and their precancerous elements (atypical germ cells). In seminoma, placental alkaline phosphatase (PLAP) and germ cell alkaline phosphatase (PLAP-like) could be separated by isoelectric focusing following isolation by immunoaffinity. The occurrence of both isozymes in seminoma could explain partial heat sensitivity and variation in electrophoretic patterns of the seminoma isozyme frequently observed upon starch gels, in comparison to the normal placental phenotype. The four ALP isozymes are produced not only in germ cell tumors, but already in precancerous tissues. Quantitative analysis showed that the amount of the four isozymes varies in parallel in the tumors tested. Maximal expression was found in seminoma. The relation between ALP gene overexpression and gene amplification by polyploidy of chromosomes 1 and 2 in these lesions is discussed. On the other hand, the ectopic expression of intestinal alkaline phosphatase and PLAP associated with overexpression of PLAP-like in tumor cells as well as in their precancerous stage indicates gene activation by some unknown mechanisms, probably a regulatory process affecting the three tissue-specific ALP genes simultaneously.

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Accession: 006997156

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PMID: 2547514

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