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Autochthonous carob ceratonia siliqua l. cultivars in catalonia spain



Autochthonous carob ceratonia siliqua l. cultivars in catalonia spain



Investigacion Agraria Produccion y Proteccion Vegetales 5(2): 223-238



The objective of this study was to identify and select the principal Catalan ecotypes of carob (Ceratonia siliqua). The study was conducted over five years (1984/88) in the main carob production areas of the region (6 in Tarragona and 2 in Barcelona), selecting 65 trees and identifying 14 female cultivars, 6 hermaphrodite and 2 male ecotypes. The female cultivars were pomologically and agronomically characterized and classified in three groups according to their commercial and agricultural interest. The groups were: (a) Main cultivars (2), (b) Secondary cultivars (3) and (c) Cultivars of little interest (9). This article also presents the pomological and agronomical description of the five principal commercial Catalan cultivars. In the province of Tarragona: Reus and Tortosa, two collections were planted.

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