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Bacteriostatic and bactericidal activity of antituberculosis drugs against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium-Mycobacterium intracellulare complex and Mycobacterium kansasii in different growth phases

Yamori, S.; Ichiyama, S.; Shimokata, K.; Tsukamura, M.

Microbiology and Immunology 36(4): 361-368

1992


ISSN/ISBN: 0385-5600
PMID: 1406364
DOI: 10.1111/j.1348-0421.1992.tb02035.x
Accession: 007049414

Bacteriostatic and bactericidal activities of rifampicin, isoniazid, streptomycin, enviomycin and ethambutol against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium.sbd.M. intracellulare complex and Mycobacterium kansasii were studied in different growth phases. Bacteriostatic activities of the drugs were similar in different growth phases, except isoniazid. M. tuberculosis was much less susceptible to isoniazid in the lag phase than in the log and stationary phases. In contrast, bactericidal activity was influenced by the growth phase. M. tuberculosis was killed by isoniazid, streptomycin and rifampicin. The bactericidal activity of insoniazid was strongest. The bactericidal activity of isoniazid and streptomycin was most marked in the log phase. M. avium complex and M. kansasii resisted the bactericidal activity, but some strains of M. avium complex were killed by streptomycin and enviomycin, and the activites of these two drugs were most marked in the lag phase.

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