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Balloon dilatation for anastomatic stricture after upper gastro intestinal surgery

Balloon dilatation for anastomatic stricture after upper gastro intestinal surgery

World Journal of Surgery 16(3): 541-544

We report our study on the correlation between the types of anastomosis and the incidence of anastomotic stricture formation among patients who had an anastomosis between the esophagus and stomach following subtotal esophagectomy for esophageal cancer, and esophagojejunostomy following proximal or total gastrectomy for gastric cancer in the past 17 years. Among 283 patients undergoing esophagojejunostomy, 7 cases of stricture (excluding 3 cases of cancer recurrence) were observed (conventional anastomosis 1.8%; stapling anastomosis 4.6%). There were 17 cases of stricture among 56 patients who had anastomosis between the eosphagus and stomach following subtotal esophagectomy (conventional anastomosis 28.6%; stapling anastomosis 50.0%). One month or more after the operation, the diameter of the esophagojejunostomy was estimated using a barium study. The mean diameter of the anastomosis using the stapling method was 11.9 .+-. 2.9 mm, whereas the mean diameter of serosubmucosal single layer hand-sewn anastomosis (Jourdan's) was 19.8 .+-. 2.2 mm, and that of vertical mattress hand-sewn anastomosis was 19.0 .+-. 2.0 mm. Balloon dilatation was used in 29 patients with anastomotic stricture of the upper gastro-intestinal tract (esophageal cancer, 19 patients, gastric cancer, 10 patients). With repeated dilatation, we were able to obtain satisfactory efficacy for benign strictures and there were no severe complications. We believe that balloon dilatation is an easy, safe and effective therapy for anastomotic stricture of the upper gastro-intestinal tract.

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Accession: 007049680

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PMID: 1589994

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