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Changes in fatty acid profiles of red blood cell membranes mediated by dietary nucleotides in weanling rats

Changes in fatty acid profiles of red blood cell membranes mediated by dietary nucleotides in weanling rats

Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 14(3): 293-299

ISSN/ISBN: 0277-2116

PMID: 1619535

DOI: 10.1097/00005176-199204000-00010

Dietary nucleotides have been described to play multiple physiological roles. We examined the effect of feeding, for 4 weeks, nucleotide-supplemented diets (N-50 and N-250) on red blood cell (RBC) membrane fatty acid composition in weanling rats. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) of the n-6 series, especially arachidonic acid, increased in total RBC phospholipids in N-50 and N-250 groups. Concentrations of LC-PUFA of the n-3 series were preserved or slightly decreased. Saturates and monoenates also decreased. Phosphatidylethanolamine and sphingomyelin followed the variations observed for total phospholipids. Phosphatidylcholine showed a different response; saturated fatty acids increased while n-6 LC-PUFA decreased. Dietary nucleotides seem to affect the conversion of essential fatty acids to their long-chain derivatives in weanling rats in a similar way to that occurring in newborn infants during early life. These results show that the rat may be a valid model with which to study the biochemical mechanisms by which dietary nucleotides affect fatty acid desaturation.

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Accession: 007092245

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