Cluster analysis of rflp data from related maize inbred lines of the bsss and lsc heterotic groups and comparison with pedigree data

Ajmone Marsan, P.; Livini, C.; Messmer, M.M.; Melchinger, A.E.; Motto, M.

Euphytica 60(2): 139-148

1992


ISSN/ISBN: 0014-2336
DOI: 10.1007/bf00029669
Accession: 007127118

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Abstract
In this study, 31 elite inbred lines of maize (Zea mays L.) were analyzed with 149 clone-enzyme combinations for their respective RFLP profiles. Objectives were (1) to determine the utility of RFLPs for estimation of genetic similarities among 16 inbred lines from the Iowa Stiff Stalk Synthetic (BSSS) and among 15 inbred lines from the Lancaster Sure Crop (LSC) heterotic groups and (2) to compare genetic similarities based on molecular markers with those based on pedigree information. Coefficients of genetic similarity (GS) and coancestry (f) between pairs of lines from the same heterotic group were calculated from RFLP and pedigree data, respectively. For lines from the BSSS heterotic group, cluster analyses based on RFLP and pedigree data revealed similar associations. GS and f values were closely correlated (r=0.70) for related BSSS lines. For lines from the LSC hterotic group, considerable discrepancies existed between the GS and f values, especially for those pairs involving inbreds Va22 and Lo924. Effect of selection and/or erroneous pedigree records are discussed as possible explanations for the low correlation of GS and f values (r=0.07) for related LSC lines. RFLPs seem useful for investigation of relationships among maize inbreds, verification of pedigree records, and quantification of the degree of relatedness.

Cluster analysis of rflp data from related maize inbred lines of the bsss and lsc heterotic groups and comparison with pedigree data