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Comparison of chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA from five morphologically distinct Beta vulgaris cultivars: sugar beet, fodder beet, beet root, foliage beet, and Swiss chard



Comparison of chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA from five morphologically distinct Beta vulgaris cultivars: sugar beet, fodder beet, beet root, foliage beet, and Swiss chard



Tag. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik 79(4): 440-442



Two cytoplasms, N and S, are used in the breeding of sugar beet, Beta vulgaris var. altissima. These cytoplasms can be distinguished by their mitochondrial DNA. In an attempt to detect new cytoplasms, we compared the restriction profiles of chloroplast and mitochondrial DNA from five different cultivars of Beta vulgaris. All restriction patterns of chloroplast DNA were identical. With the exception of sugar beet with S-cytoplasm, all cultivars studied showed the same restriction profile of mitochondrial DNA, indicating that these cultivars all contain the N-cytoplasm. These results are discussed with regard to the large morphological differences of the cultivars and the cytoplasmic variability found in natural populations of the wild beet, Beta maritima.

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Accession: 007139196

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 24226444

DOI: 10.1007/bf00226149


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