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Contribution to the knowledge of the vegetational history during the last 22000 years in the eastern sierra de guadarrama sistema central spain pollen analysis



Contribution to the knowledge of the vegetational history during the last 22000 years in the eastern sierra de guadarrama sistema central spain pollen analysis



Boletin de la Real Sociedad Espanola de Historia Natural Seccion Biologica 88(1-4): 235-250



A peat bog placed at the Lomas de Penas Crecientes, in the Sierra de Guadarrama (Sistema Central, Spain) were analyzed by means of pollen analysis. The results show the vegetational history in the area during the last 2.000 years. About 1830 .+-. 110 B.P. there was a pine grove of Pinus sylvestris. The pine grove was degraded by human activity. His reduction had a great importance during the Middle Ages. The wood of Quercus rotundifolia and Quercus pyrenaica were also damaged by the process. Lately, the woodlands grew step by step overcoat in the 20th century with the pine grove repopulation and the protection of Quercus rotundifolia.

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