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Corticosteroids for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia with acute respiratory failure. Experience with rescue therapy



Corticosteroids for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia with acute respiratory failure. Experience with rescue therapy



Chest 102(3): 892-895



Corticosteroids have proven effective as adjunctive therapy for the treatment of PCP in patients with AIDS, when begun within 72 h of conventional anti-Pneumocystis therapy. Their efficacy as rescue (or salvage) therapy in patients who have failed conventional therapy, however, remains unproven. Ths report presents our experience with 16 patients admitted to our MICU for acute respiratory failure (PaO2/FIO2 ratio less than or equal to 150) due to PCP. Five of six patients (83 percent) who received "primary" CS rescue (initial CS use prompted by acute respiratory failure after 72 h of conventional anti-Pneumocystis therapy) survived hospitalization. Our experience suggests that CSs may be effective even when started after 72 h of conventional therapy. Additional studies are needed to clarify the role of CS rescue therapy.

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Accession: 007165147

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PMID: 1516418


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