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Corticotropin releasing hormone is not the sole factor mediating exercise induced acth release in humans



Corticotropin releasing hormone is not the sole factor mediating exercise induced acth release in humans



Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 73(2): 302-306



To determine whether CRH is the sole mediator of ACTH release during exercise, five men and five women were given, in a subject-blinded random manner at separate visits, both a 6-h infusion of ovine CRH (1 .mu.g/kg .cntdot. h) and a saline infusion as a placebo. After the fourth hour of each infusion, when plasma concentrations of ovine CRH were sufficiently elevated to saturate the capacity of the corticotroph to respond further to CRH, each subject completed a high intensity intermittent run. Plasma ACTH and cortisol levels increased significantly during the CRH infusion from 4.6 .+-. 0.8 (mean .+-. SE) to 8.6 .+-. 1.6 pmol/L and from 361 .+-. 39 to 662 .+-. 70 nmol/L, respectively (P < 0.05). Despite elevated preexercise cortisol levels during the CRH infusion, plasma ACTH rose to 32.0 .+-. 8.5 pmol/L after exercise. During the saline infusion, plasma ACTH rose from 3.4 .+-. 0.6 pmol/L before exercise to 18.1 .+-. 4.2 after exercise. Time-integrated responses for postexercise value of ACTH and cortisol were higher during the CRH infusion than during the saline infusion (P < 0.05). No significant exercise-induced differences in heart rate or plasma concentrations of lactate, epinephrine, and norepinephrine were observed between the two tests. The findings suggest that some factor(s) in addition to CRH causes ACTH release during exercise. Vasopressin, produced by the magnocellular and/or parvocellular neurons of the hypothalamus, is a likely candidate.

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