+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Cortisol and behavioral responses to repeated stressors in the human newborn



Cortisol and behavioral responses to repeated stressors in the human newborn



Developmental Psychobiology 24(7): 487-505



This manuscript reports on the effects of stressors repeated at a 24-hr interval on three samples of human newborns. In Study 1, newborns meeting criteria for obstetric and perinatal optimality experienced either 2 mock Discharge Exams, viewed as a type of handling stressor, or 2 Heelstick Blood Draws, viewed as a type of nocioceptive stressor. As in a previous study, newborns meeting optimality criteria showed habituation of the adrenocortical response to the repeated Discharge Exam. The adrenocortical response to the repeated Heelstick tended to increase or sensitize. In Studies 2 and 3, samples of newborns with more nonoptimal obstetric complication scale scores were examined. These newborns failed to show habituation of the adrenocortical response to the Discharge Exam, but responded like "Optimal" newborns to the repeated Heelstick. The applicability to these data of the Groves and Thompson (1970) Dual-Process Model of Habituation is discussed. The results also provided evidence of stability in behavioral distress independent of stability in adrenocortical activity. The implications of these data for studies using cortisol as an index of the physiological basis of early temperament are considered.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 007165325

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1797593

DOI: 10.1002/dev.420240704


Related references

Gestational cortisol and social play shape development of marmosets' HPA functioning and behavioral responses to stressors. Developmental Psychobiology 56(6): 1229-1243, 2015

Behavioral and cortisol responses to repeated capture and venipuncture in Cebus apella. American Journal Of Primatology. 38(4): 357-362, 1996

Behavioral and cortisol responses to stress in newborn infants: Effects of mode of delivery. Psychoneuroendocrinology 86: 203-208, 2017

Adrenocortical and behavioral responses to repeated stressors: toward an animal model of chronic stress and stress-related mental illness. Biological Psychiatry 26(8): 829-841, 1989

Salivary cortisol and behavioral state responses of healthy newborn infants to tactile-only and multisensory interventions. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing 38(1): 22-34, 2009

Behavioral state and plasma cortisol response in the human newborn. Pediatrics 46(4): 532-537, 1970

Anticipatory sensitization to repeated stressors: the role of initial cortisol reactivity and meditation/emotion skills training. Psychoneuroendocrinology 52: 229-238, 2016

Rumination and cortisol responses to laboratory stressors. Psychosomatic Medicine 70(6): 661-667, 2008

Human interaction moderates plasma cortisol and behavioral responses of dogs to shelter housing. Physiology and Behavior 109: 75-79, 2013

Cortisol in the newborn infant. Studies on cortisol concentration and protein-binding in umbilical cord plasma and maternal plasma at delivery, and on cortisol production and metabolism in newborn full-term and premature infants, with special reference to newborn infants of diabetic mothers. ACTA PAEDIAT SCAND (Suppl 158): 9-91, 1965

Cortisol and -endorphin responses to physical and psychological stressors in lambs. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 77(4): 689-694, 1997

Hypertension and cardiovascular, cortisol, and immunological responses to laboratory stressors. Psychophysiology 37(Supplement 1): S75, 2000

Cortisol and b-endorphin responses to physical and psychological stressors in lambs. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 77(4): 9-94, 1997

Elevated basal cortisol levels and attenuated ACTH and cortisol responses to a behavioral challenge in women with metastatic breast cancer. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 21(4): 361-374, 1996

Cortisol and beta-endorphin responses to physical and psychological stressors in lambs. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 77(4): 689-694, 1997