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Cotton leaf trichomes and populations of empoasca lybica and bemisia tabaci



Cotton leaf trichomes and populations of empoasca lybica and bemisia tabaci



Crop Protection 10(6): 461-464



Breeding cotton, Gossypium spp., for resistance to leafhoppers of the genus Empoasca and to sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), poses a dilemma. Glabrous (smooth-leaved) cotton plants have higher leafhopper populations but fewer whiteflies and less leaf and bract trash in mechanically harvested seedcotton than plants with pubescent leaves. In this study, both leafhopper and whitefly populations were observed in 31 cotton entries planted at Bet She'an, Israel, in 1987. Leafhopper populations decreased but the whitefly populations increased as the number of trichomes increased. At the end of June, plans with .apprx. 40 trichomes per 13.7 mm2 supported relatively low populations of both leafhoppers and whiteflies. However, the whitefly populations increased later in the season to 43 times the earlier population levels. Whitefly populations increased as the number of trichomes increased up to 70 trichomes per 13.7 mm2 and then decreased as the trichomes became more dense. Various control measures and breeding schemes that might interact to provide an answer to the control of these pests are discussed.

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Accession: 007165748

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DOI: 10.1016/s0261-2194(91)80117-x


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