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Cytogenetic analyses of intersectional hybrids between parthenium argentatum and parthenium confertum

Cytogenetic analyses of intersectional hybrids between parthenium argentatum and parthenium confertum

Genome 32(1): 134-140

ISSN/ISBN: 0831-2796

DOI: 10.1139/g89-420

Induced tetraploid guayule (Parthenium argentatum Gray, a rubber-producing and woody species of section Parthenicaeta) was crossed to P. confertum var. lyratum Gray, a herbaceous species of section Argyrocheta. Hybrids were obtained when guayule was used as female. Like their diploid progenitors, induced tetraploids were sexual and self-incompatible. At meiosis, they averaged 0.30 I, 29.63 II, 0.12 III, and 3.02 IV. Parthenium confertum had 69 chromosomes and was apomictic. At meiosis, it averaged 1.00 I, 32.98 II, and 0.51 IV. Hybrids received 36 chromosomes from guayule and 34 chromosomes from P. confertum. At meiosis, they averaged 0.52 I, 33.44 II, 0.20 III, and 0.50 IV. F1 plants behaved like an amphidiploid in which homologous chromosomes of guayule genome paired with each other and homologous chromosomes of P. confertum genome also paired preferentially. Chromosome association in the hybrids indicated that P. confertum parent may be a tetraploid with suppressed multivalent formation. Although hybrids were partially fertile and produced backcross progeny, the transfer of desirable traits (rapid growth and herbaceous growth habit) from P. confertum into guayule will depend on elimination of preferential pairing in the hybrids.

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Accession: 007174230

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