Cytogenetic study of maturing granulocytes in bone marrow of patients with acute myelogenous leukemia
Baer, M.R.; Sreekantaiah, C.; Jani Sait, S.N.; Sawyer, A.M.; Block, A.; Sandberg, A.A.; Preisler, H.D.
Leukemia 4(4): 297-301
ISSN/ISBN: 0887-6924 PMID: 1694942 Accession: 007174781
To determine the cytogenetic origin of maturing granulocytes in the bone marrow of patients with acute myelogenous leukemia, bone marrow cells were studied using a modified cytogenetic technique, which does not disrupt the cell membrane, in conjunction with periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining. In four cases successfully studied, myeloblasts were PAS-negative and granulocytes were PAS-positive. In three cases successfully studied following 0-2 days of culture, metaphase spreads with abnormal karyotypes characteristic of the patients' leukemic clones were seen in five of five, six of nine, and four of four PAS-positive cells successfully studied. These patients' bone marrows were AN, AA, and AA, respectively, by standard cytogenetic study. Therefore, the cytogenetic status of PAS-positive cells did not necessarily correlate with presence or absence of normal metaphases determined by standard cytogenetic study. Bone marrow cells which underwent full and partial granulocytic maturation in suspension culture were studied following 2 weeks of culture. Abnormal karyotypes were seen in five of five and two of two metaphases in PAS-positive cells successfully studied in two patients. Therefore, we have demonstrated that when acute myelogenous leukemia cells undergo myeloid maturation in culture, the mature cells may be definitely proven to derive from leukemic progenitors rather than from normal stem cells.