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Differences in production values between high productivity and low productivity swine breeding herds



Differences in production values between high productivity and low productivity swine breeding herds



Journal of Animal Science 68(12): 3972-3979



Data were collected from 80 North American users of a computerized health and management software program for the period August 1985 through July 1986. Fifty-four herds were selected for analysis based on selection criteria of 1) stable herd inventory, 2) complete recorded data, 3) weaning-to-first service interval > 3 d and < 20 d, and 4) culling rate > 10%. These herds had an average of 18.2 pigs weaned/(female.cntdot.year) (PWFY), 2.1 litters/(female.cntdot.year) (LFY), 81% farrowing rate, 10.2 pigs born live/litter and 14.5% preweaning mortality. Compared with the 14 herds with the lowest values for pigs weaned/(female.cntdot.year), high-productivity herds (i.e., the 14 herds with the highest values for PWFY) had higher LFY, farrowing rate, total and live pigs born/litter and sow-gilt ratio; they also had lower nonproductive female days (NPFD), lower preweaning mortality and fewer gilts as a proportion of female inventory. Herd size and PWFY were not correlated. A negative correlation between herd size and pigs born live remained after controlling for average lactation length (r = -.30). Nonproductive female days was highly correlated with LFY (r = -.87). Increasing herd age, measured by the sow-gilt ratio, was associated mainly with a reduction in NPFD, although there was a slight positive association with pigs born alive (r = .29).

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