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Differential control of alveolar and ductal development in grafts of monodispersed rat mammary epithelium



Differential control of alveolar and ductal development in grafts of monodispersed rat mammary epithelium



Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 196(3): 284-292



Multicellular secretory alveolar units (AU) develop in grafts of monodispersed mammary cells in intact recipient rats co-grafted with mammotropic hormone-secreting pituitary tumor (MtT). The cumulative evidence is consistent with a postulated clonal origin of these structures. Small numbers of multicellular structures of a second type, mammary ductal units (DU), were found in mammary cell grafts in intact the Wistar/Furth recipients co-grafted with MtT W10 but not in intact F344 recipients co-grafted with MtT F4. Studies in (Wistar/Furth .times. F344) F1 hybrid recipients grafted with mammary cells from either parent strain demonstrated that this difference in DU formation is dependent on the strain of grafted MtT, and is not a genetic characteristic of the rat strain. DU formation is stimulated and AU formation is inhibited by elevation of mammotropic hormones from MtT coupled with glucocorticoid deficiency induced by adrenalectomy. Cortisol treatment reverses this effect. Finally, in mammary glands in situ in intact rats, the total numbers of AU-forming clonogens decrease during 6 weeks after MtT transplantation. In contrast, during the same period, elevated mammotropins from grafted MtT coupled with glucocorticoid deficiency from adrenalectomy cause an increase in the total number of cells that are capable of AU formation when transplanted to intact recipients co-grafted with MtT. Thus, the same hormonal combination that stimulates DU formation in mammary cell grafts and has previously been shown to promote cancer in mammary glands in situ also stimulates an increase in the glandular content of assayable AU-forming cells in situ.

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Accession: 007208600

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1847744

DOI: 10.3181/00379727-196-43190


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