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Differential regulation of G protein subunit expression in mouse oocytes, eggs, and early embryos


Differential regulation of G protein subunit expression in mouse oocytes, eggs, and early embryos



Developmental Biology 142(1): 129-137



ISSN/ISBN: 0012-1606

PMID: 2121565

DOI: 10.1016/0012-1606(90)90156-d

Pertussis toxin ADP-ribosylation and Western blot analysis using G protein-specific antibodies were used to study G protein expression in mouse oocytes, eggs, and early embryos. A pertussis toxin (PT) substrate of about 40 kDa was observed in all stages, but its level was stage dependent. It decreased dramatically between germinal vesicle stage oocytes and unfertilized eggs, remained relatively constant through the early 2-cell stage, and then declined again with each cell division, reaching the lowest level at the 8- to 16-cell stage. Its level, or perhaps that of a different substrate, then increased at the blastocyst stage. Western blot analysis with antisera to the G protein .alpha. subunit indicated that the decrease between germinal vesicle stage oocytes and unfertilized eggs was less pronounced for the .alpha. subunit itself than for the PT substrate. Antisera to G protein .beta. subunit revealed that the difference in the amount of this subunit in germinal vesicle-stage oocytes versus unfertilized eggs was even greater than that of the PT ADP-ribosylation substrate. These results suggest that during oocyte maturation G protein .beta.gamma. levels decline to a greater extent than .alpha. levels. Additional evidence supporting this hypothesis was obtained by showing that addition of exogenous .beta.gamma. to unfertilized egg preparations increased the amount of PT substrate. These results indicate that G protein subunit expression is differentially regulated during oocyte maturation.

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Accession: 007210949

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