Dipeptidyl peptidase IV in the immune system. Effects of specific enzyme inhibitors on activity of dipeptidyl peptidase IV and proliferation of human lymphocytes
Schön, E.; Born, I.; Demuth, H.U.; Faust, J.; Neubert, K.; Steinmetzer, T.; Barth, A.; Ansorge, S.
Biological Chemistry Hoppe-Seyler 372(5): 305-311
ISSN/ISBN: 0177-3593 PMID: 1678607 DOI: 10.1515/bchm3.1991.372.1.305
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DP IV) is a membrane peptidase playing a significant role in the process of activation and proliferation of human thymus-derived lymphocytes. This conclusion is drawn from (1) the induction of this enzyme on mitogen-activated T lymphocytes (cf. Schön, E. & Ansorge, S. (1990) Biol. Chem. Hoppe-Seyler 371, 699-705) and (2) the impairment of different functions of activated T cells in the presence of specific inhibitors and antibodies against DP IV (Schön, E. & al. (1987) Eur. J. Immunol 17, 1821-1826). This paper is aimed at testing new active site-specific peptide inhibitors for their efficiency as inhibitors of lymphocyte DP IV and DNA synthesis of mitogen-stimulated lymphocytes. These inhibitors comprise (i) diacylhydroxylamine derivatives of Xaa-Pro or Xaa-Ala peptides, (ii) different oligopeptides with N-terminal Xaa-Pro-sequences, and (iii) amino-acid amides of the pyrrolidide and the thiazolidide type. The thiazolidides of epsilon-(4-nitrobenzyloxycarbonyl)-L-lysine and of L-isoleucine as well as Ala-Pro-nitrobenzoylhydroxylamine are the most effective inhibitors in both test systems, yielding half-maximal inhibitory concentrations in the micromolar range. Cell viability was not impaired in this effective concentration range. Other inhibitors of DP IV are one to two orders of magnitude less efficient in the suppression of lymphocyte proliferation.